The connection between physical exercise and the brain has long been studied. The evidence showing that physical exercise plays a significant role on neurogenesis and cognitive function has primarily been based on research examining aerobic exercise.
In their recent review, Sherwin et al. discuss, among many other issues, the relationship of the gut microbiome–brain axis with autism under a section subtitled “Microbiota-based therapies for the treatment of autism: hype or hope?”
The mechanisms whereby environmental aluminium could contribute to the development of the highly specific pattern of neuropathology seen in Alzheimer’s disease are described.